Freshwater

保护世界淡水资源和景观,支持生物多样性和人类生计

Overview

Water drops

All life needs water. It is the world’s most precious resource, fueling everything from the food you eat, to the cotton you wear, to the energy you depend upon every day. Freshwater habitats—such as lakes, rivers, streams, 湿地和含水层承载着世界上惊人比例的生物多样性:超过10%的已知动物和约50%的已知鱼类物种. 然而,尽管水对人类和自然发挥着巨大的作用,它却是一种令人惊讶的有限资源. Less than 1% of the world's water is fresh and accessible.

It’s also threatened. Climate change, 人口增长和消费模式的变化只是淡水系统日益面临风险的诸多因素中的一部分. 淡水物种正以惊人的76%的速度减少——远远快于陆地或海洋物种——淡水栖息地的状况比森林栖息地更糟糕, grassland or coastal systems.

Protecting fresh water cannot happen alone. WWF partners with governments, businesses, 国际金融机构和社区确保健康的淡水系统存在,以保护ku真人注册,并为所有人提供一个可持续的未来. Together, we can create a water-secure future.

Heavily poached sturgeon slip toward extinction

鲟鱼和白鲟——存在了数亿年的淡水鱼——现在面临灭绝,主要原因是野生鱼子酱和肉的非法贸易. The world’s first comprehensive assessment of the species in over 13 years, released today by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), confirmed that all 26 remaining species are now threatened with extinction.

A gray sturgeon sits on the sandy bottom of one of the Great Lakes

Why It Matters

  • Food

    Globally, agriculture uses the highest percentage of freshwater, accounting for about 70% of total water withdrawals. While most of the water goes to irrigation, it also helps provide the energy and ecosystem services required for farming. 随着地球人口的增长和消费模式的改变,经济繁荣, global demand for food will increase. 淡水鱼也是世界各地数百万人蛋白质和生计的重要来源.

  • Business

    Nearly every business is water-dependent in one way or another. In 2014, 世界经济论坛的年度全球风险认知调查将水危机列为全球十大最令人担忧的风险的第三位. 水资源短缺和水质差的问题已成为严重和日益严重的社会问题, environmental and economic consequences. And although water risk is rising quickly on the agenda of business and investors, many businesses are just beginning to understand what fresh water means to them, their profits, and their company’s long-term viability.

  • Healthy Communities

    Clean, fresh water is an essential ingredient for a healthy human life, but 1.1 billion people lack access to water and 2.4 billion don’t have adequate sanitation. 水不安全和卫生设施不足导致的疾病每年造成的死亡人数超过所有形式的暴力, including war. The situation is predicted to get worse: by 2025, two-thirds of the world’s population may be facing water shortages. 可持续地获得淡水和卫生设施可以使人民更健康,促进经济增长, which facilitate improved environmental management. In other words, healthy communities help preserve a healthy planet, and a healthy planet is the foundation for healthy communities.

  • Energy

    Energy and water are interdependent. Energy is required for pumping, storing, transporting and treating water, and water is essential for producing almost all kinds of energy. While the role of water in hydropower is obvious, water also irrigates biofuels, plays an essential role in fracking, and cools thermoelectric power plants like coal, nuclear, natural gas, and oil. 所有这些能源生产方法都可能造成严重的环境和社会后果.

  • Nature

    Freshwater ecosystems cover less than 0.01% of the planet’s total surface area but they support more than 125,000 species, from fish to terrestrial animals. They also provide a myriad of ecosystem services, including helping to regulate the temperature of the land and sea, creating clouds and affecting the weather, transporting nutrients and minerals, and keeping nature clean and healthy by dissolving pollutants and sediment run off. However, more than half of the world’s wetlands have disappeared since 1900, 在世界177条最长的河流中,只有不到70条河流没有人为的障碍.

What WWF Is Doing

Advancing Corporate Water Stewardship

We believe businesses can help us solve the world’s water problems. WWF helps governments, companies, investors, communities and others understand their water footprints and water-related risks. More importantly, ku真人注册帮助ku真人注册的合作伙伴超越采用水效率实践,成为更好的水管理人员. As water is the ultimate shared resource, 只有流域内所有用水户共同努力,才能实现可持续管理. Water stewardship requires collaboration with all levels of government, local communities, 流域内的其他行业——有时甚至是竞争对手——最终要改变对水的管理方式,并将自然的价值嵌入到商业规划中. ku真人注册要求企业以不同的方式思考水,并帮助ku真人注册加快管理工作,因为这对企业有利, it’s good for people, and it’s good for nature.

WWF also seeks to move water stewardship forward at a global level. We lead and support numerous ground-breaking initiatives, including the Alliance for Water Stewardship's standard, 联合国支持的负责任投资原则(PRI)与投资者的合作, engagement with business sector sustainability initiatives, 对实施商品标准如何有利于水质和水量的科学评估, and water footprinting and mapping tools such as the Water Risk Filter. As part of the White House Climate Data Initiative, WWF committed to expanding, 与领先的科技公司合作,维护和分享ku真人注册的研究成果. Such resources will empower industry, financiers and policymakers to strengthen global water stewardship, food security and climate resiliency.

Promoting Good Water Governance

people in dugout canoe, Amazon, Peru

WWF seeks to change how water is managed around the world. ku真人注册鼓励依赖同一条河流的国家更好地协调共享淡水资源, and we advocate for water security in sustainable development. ku真人注册还帮助加强河流流域管理组织的有效性,使其有能力保护河流流域的自然资本,确保气候智能型治理. 通过与多边机构和全球环境基金等具有全球影响力的机构合作, we can bring our holistic management and policy solutions to scale. ku真人注册还敦促各国政府和其他机构将水资源问题置于全球和区域议程的更高位置,以确保淡水生态系统的完整性在决策过程中得到考虑. One way we work towards this is through our Basin Report Card Initiative.

Protecting Freshwater Ecosystems

Mekong River Fishermen

Every river has a source. 从它的诞生地——通常是白雪覆盖的山峰或茂密的森林——一条河流将穿过乡村社区, densely populated cities, business parks and farm lands before reaching the ocean. 世界自然基金会采用一种全流域的整体方法来解决淡水面临的各种威胁. We work on the ground in key rivers basins around the world, supporting responsible water use and infrastructure, and testing and implementing innovative solutions. We bring to bear our climate and hydrological expertise, relationships with private and public sector influencers, 学术合作伙伴和广泛的全球网络加强淡水系统的弹性. Learning from our experience on-the-ground, we also seek to develop and share tools, techniques and knowledge globally.

Managing Water Resources in a Changing Climate

Rio Conchos, Chihuahua Desert, Mexico

世界自然基金会与世界各地关键河流流域的当地利益相关者和政府合作,评估气候变化的脆弱性并计划干预措施. Because institutions are central to the way water resources are managed, 世界自然基金会还与机构合作伙伴探讨如何最有效地适应气候变化. By both working in the field, where many impacts are already being felt, and partnering with institutions, which influence water management decisions, we hope to safeguard a future where both human and environmental needs are met. 面对气候变化,ku真人注册特别注重建设水资源安全 Asia's High Mountains and in the Chihuahuan Desert.

Projects

  • Cuando River Basin Report Card

  • Paani Program: Supporting Energy Planning & River Conservation in Nepal

    Nepal is a country rich in water resources. 尼泊尔的许多河流已经得到开发,还有更多的河流正在建设水电大坝和灌溉基础设施项目. While these projects can bring certain services, they can also impact the cultural, environmental, and economic values that natural rivers provide. 世界自然基金会及其合作伙伴进行了一系列分析,为安全发展和河流保育提供系统层面的能源规划参考.

View More Projects

Experts